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From: PNEAC Webmaster (
Date: Mon Nov 29 1999 - 10:48:34 CST

The economic value of the public health and environmental benefits that
Americans enjoy from the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 exceed their
costs by a margin of four to one, according to a new EPA study. The report
projects that the Clean Air Act Amendments and their associated programs
prevent thousands of premature deaths related to air pollution, and
millions of asthma attacks as well as a wide range of additional human
health and
ecological effects.

Using a sophisticated array of computer models and the latest emissions and
cost data, the EPA study shows that in the year 2010 the Amendments of 1990
will prevent 23,000 Americans from dying prematurely, and avert over
1,700,000 incidences of asthma attacks and aggravation of chronic asthma.
In addition, in 2010, they will prevent 67,000 incidences of chronic and
acute bronchitis, 91,000 occurrences of shortness of breath, 4,100,000 lost
work days, and 31,000,000 days in which Americans would have had to
restrict activity due to air pollution related illness. Plus, 22,000
respiratory-related hospital admissions would be averted, as well as 42,000
cardiovascular (heart and blood) hospital admissions, and 4,800 emergency
room visits for asthma.

For those health and ecological benefits which could be quantified and
converted to dollar values, EPA's best estimate is that in 2010 the
benefits of Clean Air Act programs will total about $110 billion. This
estimate represents the value of avoiding increases in illness and
premature death which would have prevailed without the clean air standards
and provisions required by the Amendments. By contrast, the detailed cost
analysis conducted for this new study indicates that the costs of achieving
these health and ecological benefits are likely to be only about $27
billion, a fraction of the economic value of the benefits.

The study is the second in a series of EPA cost/benefit Reports to Congress
examining the effects of the Clean Air Act on the U.S. economy, public
health, and the environment. The first study, a retrospective assessment
released in October 1997, found that the benefits of 1970 to 1990 clean air
programs greatly exceeded costs.

The study is issued under Section 812 of the Clean Air Act Amendments, a
provision requiring that EPA periodically assess the effect of the Clean
Air Act on the public health, economy, and environment of the country. The
report, "The Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990,"
will be available on the Internet at: A
limited number of paper copies of the report will be available from Barbara
Morris at 202-564-1666 or by e-mail at For further
technical information, contact Jim Democker at 202-564-1673, or e-mail at:

Gary Jones
Graphic Arts Technical Foundation
200 Deer Run Road
Sewickley, PA 15143
412/741-6860 x608 - Phone
412/741-2311 - Fax

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