Update: August 1996
Design for the Environment
The first major publication of the DfE Lithography Project, The Draft
Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment for Lithographic Blanket
Washes (CTSA), is now available.
What does the CTSA contain?
The DfE Lithography project partners have evaluated the trade-offs
associated with using 37 different lithographic blanket washes. They
examined the costs, performance, environmental hazards, and human
health risks of each blanket wash. The Lithographic CTSA presents the
results of these extensive studies. It contains detailed technical
- Results of the blanket wash performance demonstrations and a cost
analysis for each product;
- Descriptions of the individual chemicals used in the 37 blanket washes
and of the human health and environmental hazards associated with
- Discussions of the environmental and occupational risks inherent to
each blanket wash solution as a whole, including VOC content and
- Discussions of relevant international trade issues, energy and natural
resource issues, and Federal regulations; and,
- Descriptions of pollution prevention opportunities, emphasizing simple
changes that can be made to everyday work practices.
Who can use the CTSA?
The CTSA is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the lithographic
printing industry. For example:
- Suppliers can use the CTSA for a variety of purposes. They may use
the comparative risk, performance, and cost analyses to identify which
blanket wash chemicals and formulations are best suited for the current
market. Suppliers interested in manufacturing new blanket washes can
use the environmental and human health data presented for individual
chemical components as a building block for designing more
environmentally friendly formulations.
- Technical assistance programs can use the CTSA as a source of
background information on lithography, blanket washes, and the DfE
Lithography Project. They will find the comparative risk, performance,
and cost analyses useful when working with printers to reduce VOC
emissions and hazardous wastes.
- Printers will be interested in the in-depth information on blanket
washes and their chemical components. The performance methodology
used to evaluate blanket washes may also be helpful. Printers can use
this methodology to conduct their own performance evaluations of
blanket washes or of other alternative products or processes.
Are other products available?
The information contained in this CTSA will be incorporated into more
concise, user-friendly information products, including a summary
brochure of the CTSA, data matrices, and case studies on workplace
practices, on making substitute blanket washes work, and on
other pollution prevention topics. These products, specifically
designed for printers, will be available this fall.
Where can I obtain a CTSA?
- A free copy of the Draft CTSA may be obtained by contacting EPA's
Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse (PPIC) at:
401 M St., SW (3404)
Washington, D.C. 20460
Phone: (202) 260-1023
Fax: (202) 260-0178
Ask for the title or document number EPA-744-R-95-008.
- It can also be downloaded from the DfE Web page at:
- EPA is accepting public comments on the Draft CTSA through
September 23, 1996. A finalized version of the CTSA will be available in
the Spring of 1997.
What is the DfE
The Design for the Environment (DfE) Lithography Project is a unique
voluntary partnership between EPA and the lithographic printing industry.
The goal of the Project is to provide lithographers with information that
can help them design a printing operation that is more environmentally
sound, safer for workers, and often more cost effective.
The DfE Lithography Project Partners Include:
-U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
-The University of Tennessee Center for Clean Products and
-Printing Industries of America,
-Environmental Conservation Board of the Graphic
-The Graphic Arts Technical Foundation, and
-Individual printers and suppliers.
In addition to the Lithography Project, similar DfE projects are currently
underway with both the screen printing and flexography industries.